I’m not going to hold anyone on the stretch bench, the answer to the headline’s question is the US. We know that the United States can continue with its surveillance of non-American organizations and citizens online without any repercussions.
We don’t have to start a war to outmaneuver the Anglo-American axis dominance. It is sufficient enough to do two things.
i. Follow God’s will.
ii. Build a parallel Internet more free from surveillance.
It is of course no small thing to build an Internet from scratch with all its individual components and networks. But I believe that, together with most northern European countries, we can do that. France, Italy and Spain are also possible collaborators. It depends on what they can participate with. Noone here in Europe should prevent cooperation, between individual American/British academics and the Nordic countries in this project, but unfortunately Britain is too much intertwined with and favored by the United States to be considered as a trustworthy national cooperation partner. I believe that they as a state would rather counteract us than contribute to the realization of the project. This is certain because the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth countries are excluded from the surveillance that the United States has placed on all other countries including Germany and Sweden.
As for the facts about the US surveillance of the EU, the so-called PRISM surveillance program, we do not know much about it. You can read the following on Wikipedia;
On June 19, 2013, U.S. President Barack Obama, during a visit to Germany, stated that the NSA’s data gathering practices constitute “a circumscribed, narrow system directed at us being able to protect our people”.
Wikipedia does not provide any clues about what and whom the US has been spying on, despite an exhaustive and long, obviously government authorized Wikipedia page – PRISM surveillance program. The government apparently considered it better to forestall than to get caught.
It is known that the German BND (foreign espionage) has used the American spyware XKeyscore (XKS) for analyzing but not collecting data since 2007, and German BfV (domestic intelligence) has used a test version since 2012. So the Germans secret service must have been aware of the until July 2013 secret tools for the US surveillance program. However, they did not say that they approved of the American surveillance of the European Parliament or Angela Merkel and the disclosure of their e-mail.
In May 2015, however, it appeared that much were indicating that the German BND helped the American NSA to committ industrial espionage against European industrial companies. It is therefore close at hand to think that the Americans have been able to monitor mainland Europeans, not so much because the Americans have had technological solutions, but because of the Europeans’ own cooperation with the NSA. The Americans have played European countries on the continent against each other.
We may not even need to build our own internet to stop the Prism surveillance section 702 programs. It may be sufficient to divest European intelligence organizations from cooperating with the NSA, through exposing of the Americans’ methods. But we would still probably benefit by taking technical precautions.
On the 2 of December 2013, the European Commission criticized what it calls ”US large-scale espionage against citizens, businesses and leaders” in Europe. Danish Telenor and Vice Chairman of the Norwegian Storting’s (the government) Control and Constitutional Committee, Michael Tetzschner, is upset by FRA’s (Swedish government organization equivalent to the NSA) surveillance of our neighboring countries.
I would be very surprised if the rest of the world do not do the same kind of work as FRA, and half of the world’s security services work with FRA, including Denmark’s and Norway’s security services. A large part of Russia’s communication with the outside world takes place via Swedish cables. But I do not think that FRA spies on the Storting, there are still no revealing Edward Snowden documents, which speak for Swedish espionage of that kind against friendly nations and especially not Nordic neighboring countries. We are simply better than that. As we say in Sweden when we hope for something not to happen; Pepper, pepper, knock on wood.
Axel Oxenstierna, the Swedish Royal advisor to the very successful 17:th century warrior king Gustav II Adolf, is said to once have made a remark to his son. ”Dost thou not known, my son, with how little wisdom the world is governed.”
Do you think the Germans are completely bonkers who helps the NSA spy on businesses in other European countries, or do you think they are just surprisingly stupid? The Germans are the last to be invited to a US turkey dinner! It’s just mindboggling and tiering.
Can you explain how the Germans cannot see how they are working against their own interest?
Roger M. Klang, defense political spokesman for the Christian Values Party (Kristna Värdepartiet) in Sweden